Selection and characterisation of NETSSAF- regions
Task leader: Dr. Siméon Kenfack (CREPA-Burkina Faso)
WP leader: Ms. Waltraud Keipp and Mr. Moussa Drabo (BOATA-Mali)
This task started at month 1 with the pre-identification of the potential regions to be assessed in the following tasks of the work package 2, in order to select the typical study cases. The scanning of the potential settlements has been performed by regions: BOATA and CREPA in Region A, UAA and MTM in Region B and KNUST, CEPAPE and Ville-de-SYA in Region C. Each member of the tasks had designed its strategy at the beginning of the working period, based on a common questionnaire provided by the task 1.1. Municipalities, rural associations of women and indigenous, rural cooperatives, local, regional and national authorities, among many other actors were identified and schematised in a data base, in order to create a dissemination platform. The report elaborated by the task lists the complete assessment of the potential regions and localities. Amongst other things the collaboration of GTZ was needed for the implementation of the report.
- To collect and systemise relevant information regarding the current sanitation of peri- urban and rural areas in West Africa, in order to identify typical settlements for the designing of appropriated sanitation options.
- To select potential study population/areas in rural and peri-urban areas in West Africa.
- To assess selected rural and peri-urban settlements with no access to improved sanitation according to the criteria designed.
- To classify the rural and peri-urban study cases in typical settlements.
On the basis of an orientation chart provided by task 1.1 “Multidisciplinary criteria for evaluation and classification of peri-urban and rural settlements with no access to improved sanitation”, a data-gathering sheet (appendix 1) was produced, allowing to collect data in the whole region. This information is provided for 11 countries of the three zones (A, B and C as defined below) by the NETSSAF local partners in West Africa according to the following table:
The regions are grouped as follows:
- Region A: Mauritania, Mali, Niger and Equatorial Guinea
- Region B: Senegal, Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire
- Region C: Burkina Faso, Benin, Togo and Bissau Guinea
Fig. 1 Distribution of the site in different regions
You can find in this table a distribution of countries/site with information about their religion.
|Country||Name of the site||Case||Religion|
|Mauritania||Hay Saken||PU||Muslim Market Gardening|
|Rosso||R||Muslim Bush Farming|
|EquatorialGuinea||Malabo||PU||Christian Backyard Gardening|
|Mali||Macina||PU||Muslim Market Gardening|
|Molodo||R||Muslim Bush Farming|
|Nafonga||R||Christian Bush Farming|
|Niger||Birni N’ Kommi||PU||Muslim Market Gardening|
|Ivory Coast||Anyama||PU||Muslim Market Gardening|
|Songon||PU||Christian Market Gardening|
|Tiassalle||R||Christian Compound Farming|
|Prikro||R||Muslim Compound Farming|
|Senegal||Matam||PU||Muslim Backyard Gardening|
|Agnan Civol||R||Muslim Market Gardening|
|Burkina Faso||Dogona||PU||Rural Wet Muslim/christian|
|Loumbila||R||Muslim/Christian Compound Farming|
|Vy||R||Muslim/Christian Compound Farming|
|Ghana||Ashakoko||R||Muslim Market Gardening|
|Eduaden||R||Christian Market Gardening|
|Dedesua||R||Muslim/christian Market Gardening|
|Kobore||PU||Muslim Market Gardening|
|Togo||Sinkanse||R||Muslim Bush Farming|
|Bissau Guinea||Antula||PU||Christian Market Gardening|
|Benin||Seme Podji||R||Christian Bush Farming|
|Save||PU||Muslim/christian Market Gardening|
For more information about the Criteria of evaluation of rural and peri-urban settlements in West Africa see this PDF file!
All 24 sites investigated appeared to be predominantly drier than expected. The standard of living and literacy level of the population in the selected areas are very low, as revealed by the applied criteria. Generally, the profile of all the settlements shows a lot of similarities, with major differences occurring only in demographic and cultural aspects. The sanitation practice is dominated by open defecation and pit latrines, with limited use of sewers and septic tanks. The profiles reveal that there is a need to create awareness and stimulate demand for low cost sanitation systems in rural and peri-urban settlements of West Africa. Most importantly, the study suggests that any activities relating to implementation of low cost sanitation systems in the region should focus on upgrading existing facilities to match not only the current cultural and social practices but also the resource and skills level of the communities.